With the passing of the bill in Rajya Sabha, the 10 per cent Quota Bill is all set to become a law – provided the same is not challenged in the Supreme Court as ‘unconstitutional’. While when it would be implemented remains to be seen, there is still no real clarity as to how the government would implement the quota bill for 10 percent reservation within the general category for the economically backward upper castes. Explained below is how the bill may affect the admissions to the educational institutes and the prospects of sarkari naukri or on-going government jobs and recruitments.
Who benefits from the 10% Quota Bill?
To begin with, let us lay out what we do know about the bill. To begin with, the 10% reservation is from within the upper castes or ‘forwards’ as being termed. For the normal person who is filling an application form – the 10 % quota bill concerns all those who tick themselves under “General” or UR – namely the unreserved category. This category, at present, is at about 51.5% of the total. (49.5% quota is reserved for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes.)
In other words, the general category would now have a 10 % reservation for the economically backward classes. The bill, in turn, also identifies economically backward classes as people who have
- An annual family income of less than Rs. 8 lakhs per annum, or
- An agricultural land holding of less than 5 acres, or
- A house of about 100 square yards in a municipality, or
- A house of about 200 square yards in non-notified colony.
When would the 10% Quota Bill be implemented?
The exact nature of the implementation of the bill is not known. While no clarity has been shared, not-withstanding a challenge in the courts, the bill may become a law with the President’s approval as soon as tomorrow or next week. Following its constitutional process, the bill would become a law and the government may implement the quota with immediate effect, making it relevant to the upcoming admission cycle. As to the effect of the bill on the on-going sarkari naukri or government recruitments is concerned, there is no clarity as such.
Please note that the exact nature of implementation of the 10% Quota is not clear at this point. As per the report from the Ministry of Human Resource Development, modalities are being worked out. Hints of increasing the total number of seats in the educational institutions by about 10 lakh were also given – suggesting that with the implementation of the quota, the present set would not be directly affected – so much in the total number of seats. How it would happen, however, remains to be seen.
Would the number of seats available in IITs and other instiutes be affected with 10% Quota?
Again, at this juncture there are no right answers. However, if the quota is implemented as is, without any increase in present seats, there is bound to be a further division of the present seats within the General Category. However, this quota is applicable only on the basis of the economic status of the applicant and not on any caste, religion or otherwise. This quota is expected to primarily benefit the candidates whose families cannot afford better facilities.
Again, as mentioned above, there are talks about increasing the total number of seats across the various institutes to accomodate the bill. How exactly would the seats be affected, remains to be seen.More clarity is expected soon on this aspect.