You must hold a valid Driving License to legally drive a vehicle on Indian roads. But first, you need to get a Learner’s License when you are learning to drive.
A Learner’s License is a document issued by your state Regional Transport Office (RTO). It acts as a provisional and restricted license. You must get a permanent Driving License once you’ve learnt how to drive a motor vehicle. To get a Learner’s License, one must be familiar with rules and regulations related to road safety.
In India, Learner’s License is issued to the candidate after passing a written or online test about road rules. After you get a Learner’s License, you will be allowed to practice driving on public roads provided you are accompanied by a person who holds a permanent Driving License. You must obtain a Learner’s License for the relevant class of vehicle before you can get a Driving License.
Types of Learner’s License in India
Driving License and Learner’s License in India are given based on the class of motor vehicle. The eligibility criteria changes depending upon the class of vehicle.
Here are some of the most common class of vehicles:
For Personal Use:
- MC 50cc (Motorcycle 50cc) license class for Motorcycles with engine capacity of 50cc or less than 50cc
- LMV–NT class license for Light Motor Vehicle used for non-transport purposes
- FVG class license for Motorcycles of any engine capacity but with no gears, like Scooters and Mopeds
- MC EX50CC class license for Motorcycles with a capacity of 50cc or more, Motorcycles with gear and Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars
- MCWG or M/CYCL.WG class license for All types of Motorcycles including Motorcycle with gear
For Commercial Use:
- HGMV class license for Heavy Goods Motor Vehicle
- LMV–TR class license for Light Motor Vehicle used for commercial purposes
- HPMV class license for All India driving permit for trucks and cars or open license/Heavy Passenger Motor Vehicle
- LMV–NT class license Light Motor Vehicle for non-transport purposes
- MGV class license for Medium Goods Vehicle
Eligibility Criteria for Getting Learner’s License
Eligibility criteria for Learning License differs depending on the class of motor vehicle and the type of learner’s license sought for. The eligibility conditions for various types of Learner’s License offered in India are as follows:
Type: Motorcycles with gear
Criteria: The candidate must be aged at least 18 years.
Type: Motorcycles without gear with up to 50cc capacity
Criteria: The candidate must be aged at least 16 years. For candidates less than 18 years of age, consent from guardian or parent must be obtained.
Type: General Requirement for obtaining a Learner’s License
Criteria: The Learner’s License applicant must be well versed with traffic rules & regulations. The applicant must have valid address proof and age proof documents.
Type: Commercial Heavy Vehicles and Transport Vehicles
Criteria: The applicant must have finished 8th standard of schooling. The applicant must be at least 18 years old. In some states, the minimum age requirement is 20 years.
Application Form for Learner’s Licence
Individuals who are looking to obtain a Learner’s Driving License in India are required to fulfil certain conditions. One of the key conditions is having a Learner’s License Form.
The application form for a Learner’s License consists of the following:
Details to be filled by the applicant for the Learner’s License are as follows:
- Fill your name, address, date and place of birth
- Educational qualification
- Nationality (original documents)
- Blood group
- Previous driving licenses (if any) along with the details
- Driving school certificate (if required)
- Medical test exemption (if applicable)
- Declaration that particulars entered in the previous section are true, along with the signature of the parent/guardian of the applicant
Learning Licence Fees
The fees for a Learner’s License are Rs. 150 for a class of vehicle. The applicants will have to make the payment at the time of submitting the documents and application form.
Learner’s License Documents
Having all the necessary documents in place will ensure a fast and hassle-free Learner’s License application process. A candidate applying for a Learner’s License must submit the following documents at the RTO while filing an application. Candidates planning to make an online application must keep a scanned copy of the following documents ready to upload.
To apply for a Learner’s License in India, the following documents will be required:
- Address proof (any one document from the list given below)
- Recent telephone or electricity bill
- LIC Bond
- Aadhaar Card
- Ration Card
- If you are resident of some other city, then you can submit the House Rent Agreement with a copy of a recent utility bill, like electricity bill or gas bill as current address proof.
- Your Age Proof (any document from the following list)
- PAN Card
- Birth Certificate
- Transfer certificate from school with date of birth mentioned on it
- 10th standard’s marksheet
- Application Fees for Learner’s License
- Passport-size photographs: at least 6 photographs
- Medical Certificate: To be signed by a certified Government doctor (if applicable)
- Form 1A
- Completely filled application form (You can download the form from the state RTO portal or you can procure it from the nearest RTO office)
How to Apply for a Learning License Online in India?
You can go for online applications for Learner’s License in India through RTO websites. Though the steps for filing a Learner’s License application vary from site to site, read the following general procedure of how to file a Learner’s License application online.
- Google the RTO website. Check if the website has the online Learner’s License application facility.
- If the state transport department offers the option of filling the online application form, then you will be asked to fill up information like name, father’s name, district, postal code, Aadhaar card number, and locality. Also, you will be required to upload documents like age proof and address proof before you submit the form.
- For Learner’s License applications, some state RTOs offer the feature where you can select the time slot for Learner’s License test. You will also be able to make a payment towards the Learner’s License application & test online.
- Be present at the Learner’s License test facility to take the Learner’s License test as per the slot that you have selected.
How to Apply for a Learner’s License Offline in India?
If you are not familiar with the process of filing an online application for Learner’s License then you can always go to your nearest RTO to apply. Read the steps given below to know how to fill the online form.
- Fill either Form 2 or Form 3, whichever is applicable. Keep passport photographs handy. These forms can be downloaded online or can be directly taken from the RTO office.
- Fill the application form completely and attach the photograph wherever applicable. Attach address proof and age proof documents along with it. Visit the RTO of your locality and submit the application form. Also, schedule a test by choosing a slot for Learner’s License.
- Be there at he given time and date for Learner’s License test. Once you pass the test, the Learner’s License will be sent to your permanent address.
- If you are learning driving under the guidance of a driving school, they should assist you in getting a Learner’s License.
Procedure for Learner’s License Test in India
All Learner’s License applicants will be required to take either an online test or a written test that will check the applicant’s knowledge on road rules and safety signals. You will have to pass the test successfully to get your Learner’s License. Below are some of the important points regarding the Learner’s License test.
- You must be present half an hour before the allotted time.
- If you have applied Learner’s License test online, you will be required to submit the confirmation slip at the RTO and make the payment before you take the test.
- Generally, you will have to answer multiple choice questions either online or on paper. In case you don’t pass the test, you will be allowed to retake the test after a week’s time.
- Also, you can apply for a Driving License, 30 days after the issue date of Learner’s License. The application for permanent Driving License must be filed within 180 days of the issue date of Learner’s License.
Why Do You Need a Learner’s License in India?
Here are some reasons why you need a Learner’s License in India.
- You must get a Learner’s License specific to the class of vehicle. A Learner’s License legally allows you to learn driving with an experienced driver.
- You can practice driving with a person holding a permanent Driving License, only if you have a learner’s license.
- Before getting a Driving License, you must have a Learner’s License.
- Holding a Learner’s License and practicing on roads will help you get familiar with road rules which will in turn help you while you are driving.