Overview of Traffic Offences and Penalties in India

Overview of Traffic Offences and Penalties in India

The Indian Road rules, listed under the name, ‘Rules of the Road Regulation’, came into effect in July 1989 and have remained so to date. These rules and guidelines are relevant to the Indian drivers (be it those of two, three and four wheelers including buses and trucks), while on the road to make sure of a systematic traffic and a safe drive. Violating, transgressing or disrespecting any of these rules is a serious offence as according to the city specific traffic police rules as well as the Indian Motor Vehicle Act.

Implementation of these traffic laws – (decrees, rules, code of practice and acts) can bring down the road accidents considerably. These laws are compulsory by dealing out challans in the name of the lawbreakers, which will motivate them to internalize the law. Penalty payment and legal hassles are always effective punishments. A symptomatic list of the imaginable crimes and their corresponding penalties is categorized below:

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List of Traffic Violation & Fines in India:

i. Offences Related to Documents:

OFFENCES RELATED TO DOCUMENTS
SL No. Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
1 Driving without carrying a Valid Driving License. INR 5000** and/ or imprisonment for up to 3 months 3 r/w 181 Motor Vehicle Act
2 Permitting your vehicle to be driven by an individual who does not hold a Valid Driving License. INR 5000** and/ or imprisonment for up to 3 months 5 r/w 180 Motor Vehicle Act
3 Not carrying the required documents as specified in Motor Vehicle Act while driving. INR 500** 130(3) r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
4 Driving without a Valid Auto Insurance. INR 2000 ** and/ or imprisonment for up to 3 months 130 r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
5 Driving without a Valid Permit. Up to INR 5000 and no less than INR 2000 130 r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
6 Driving without Valid Vehicle Fitness Certificate. Up to INR 5000 and no less than INR 2000 130 r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
7 Vehicle without RC Book (Registration Certificate) INR 2000 39 r/w 192 Motor Vehicle Act

ii. Offences Related to Driving:

Offences Related to Driving
SL No. Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
1 Driving by a minor (aged below 18). INR 500 4 r/w 181 Motor Vehicle Act
2 Letting an unlicensed fellow to drive. INR 1000 5 r/w 180 Motor Vehicle Act
3 Driving bikes/ two wheelers without wearing a helmet. INR 100 129 r/w177 Motor Vehicle Act
4 Driving without fastening the seat belts. INR 100 138(3) CMVR
5 Rough/ Reckless/ Negligent Driving INR 1000 177 Motor Vehicle Act
6 Hazardous or hasty (over the speed limit) driving. INR 1000 and/ or imprisonment up to 6 months 184 Motor Vehicle Act
7 Not driving in the proper lane. Court Challan 112-183 Motor Vehicle Act
8 Driving in the center and not keeping to left side of the road. INR 100 66 r/w 192 Motor Vehicle Act
9 Driving against One Way. INR 100 2 RRR r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
10 Reversing without due caution and care. INR 100 17 (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
11 Taking “U” turn during forbidden hours. INR 100 MMVR 233
12 Not taking adequate care while taking a “Turn”. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act
13 Failing to slow down at intersection/ junction. INR 100 12 RRR
14 Not carrying on left of traffic island. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act
15 Carrying people on Footboard. INR 100 3 RRR
16 Carrying people to the point that it causes inconvenience (be it for rearview visibility or gear shifting) to the driver. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act
17 Trippling on bikes/ two wheelers. INR 100 128/177 Motor Vehicle Act
18 Driving on Footpath. INR 100 RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
19 Stopping at pedestrian from crossing or crossing a Stop Line (Zebra Cross). INR 100 RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act

iii. Offences Related to Road Marking:

Offences Related to Road Marking
Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
Violating the Yellow Line. INR 100 119/177 Motor Vehicle Act
Violating the Stop Line. INR 100 113(1)/177 DMVR
Violating the Mandatory Signs. INR 100 119/177 Motor Vehicle Act

iv. Offences Related to Vehicle Number Plates:

Offences Related to Vehicle Number Plates
SL No. Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
1 Use of Offensive Number Plate for vehicle used in driving. INR 100 CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
2 Displaying ‘Applied For’. INR 4500 177 Motor Vehicle Act

v. Offences Related to Vehicle Lights:

Offences Related to Vehicle Lights
SL No. Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
1 Improper use of headlights and/ or tail light for your vehicle used in driving. INR 100 CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
2 Using a High Beam when it is not needed. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

vi. Offences Related to Horn:

Offences Related to Horn
SL No. Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
1 Driving without a Horn. INR 100 119(1)/177 CMVR
2 Improper usage of horn when you drive. INR 100 CMVR 105 (2) (ii)

vii. Offences Related to Traffic Police:

Offences Related to Traffic Police
SL No. Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
1 Disobeying a Traffic Police Officer in uniform. INR 100 119 Motor Vehicle Act
2 Driving against Police Signal. INR 100 22 (a) RRR
3 Not complying with the manual Traffic Signal. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

viii. Offences Related to Traffic Signal:

Offences Related to Traffic Signal
SL No. Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
1 Not complying with the Traffic signal / Sign Board. INR 100 22 (b) RRR
2 Failing to give the appropriate Signal. INR 100 239 MMVR
3 Signal Jumping. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

ix. Offences Related to Speed & Overtaking:

Offences Related to Speed & Overtaking
SL No. Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
1 Driving above the permitted Speed Limits by the Traffic Police. Up to INR 1000 112 – 183 Motor Vehicle Act
2 Abetment for Going over the Speed Limit. INR 300 112/ 183 (2) Motor Vehicle Act
3 Overtaking hazardously. INR 100 6 (a) RRR r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
4 Failing to deliberate way to sanction Overtaking. INR 100 7 RRR
5 Overtaking from the Wrong Side. INR 100 177 Motor Vehicle Act

x. Other Offences Related to Driving:

Other Offences
SL No. Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
1 Purposely disobeying Lawful Directions. INR 500 132/179 Motor Vehicle Act
2 Driving under influence of Alcohol and/ or Drugs. INR 2000 and/ or imprisonment for up to 6 months 185 Motor Vehicle Act
3 Using Mobile Phone while Driving. Up to INR 1000 184 Motor Vehicle Act
4 Leaving a vehicle in untenanted engine. INR 100 126-177 Motor Vehicle Act
5 Leaving vehicle in a dangerous position. INR 100 122 177 Motor Vehicle Act
6 In case of an accident involving a minor. INR 1000 184 Motor Vehicle Act
7 Playing music while Driving. INR 100 102/ 177 Motor Vehicle Act
8 Driving without a fixed Silencer. INR 100 120/190 (2)/177 CMVR
9 Driving when emotionally, mentally and/ or physically unfit. Court Challan 186 Motor Vehicle Act

xi. Offences Related to Towing of Automobiles:

Offences Related to Towing of Vehicles
SL No. Offences Penalty/ Sentence Section
1 Two Wheeler. INR 100 RRR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
2 Car, Jeep, Cab, Auto Rickshaw. INR 200 RRR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
3 Truck, Tanker, Trailer. INR 600 RRR 177 Motor Vehicles Act

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Source:- bankbazaar
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